This study pinpoints policies that can help reduce poverty and inequality, contribute to the achievement of economic and sectoral goals, stimulate sustainable economic growth and make Brazil more resilient to future pandemics and other risks, such as climate change and ecosystem destruction. This document is, first of all, a summary of the latest economic data on measures to meet these goals, as Brazil, like many countries, seeks opportunities to boost economic growth, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic.

The study was developed in two complementary parts. Initially, a thorough literature review was conducted, analyzing the benefits and opportunities of policies in three main sectors: infrastructure, industry and agriculture. Then, based on economic modeling, new macroeconomic and long-term results are identified should measures to support the transition to a low-carbon economy be adopted. In addition, the study presents evidence showing that by mainstreaming sustainability as a cross-cutting policy in the planning and implementation of related investment decisions, Brazil could benefit from trends in the financial markets and widen access to private finance.

The whole process of how Brazil should build a more efficient, resilient, fair and sustainable economy is something to be advanced across society. The intent of this study is to present a series of compelling elements showing that Brazil has never been better able to implement this new economy and that the country and its people have much to gain from it.

This study was led by WRI Brasil and New Climate Economy (NCE) teams and conducted in partnership with Brazilian experts and relevant institutions, namely: the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-RJ), the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI), the Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA), the Brazilian Federation of Banks (FEBRABAN) and the Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable Development (CEBDS), a representative in Brazil of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). This work has been made possible through financial support provided by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Good Energies Foundation.